2-year jail and SR20000 fine for expat convicted of manufacturing adulterated veterinary products    A gateway to Saudi Arabia's tourism future: Red Sea International Airport receives maiden flight    KAUST joins forces with Cerebras Systems to deliver breakthroughs in seismic processing    Asian Games 2023: Saudi rower Haya Al-Mami advances to semi-finals in W1x category    Saudi Arabia beats Mongolia in Asian Games football    SAFF approves mechanism for participation of Saudi clubs in AFC competitions    Al-Hilal bids fond farewell to Jang Hyun-soo, a true champion    Saudi Arabia is guest of honor at 6th China-Arab States Expo    Saudi Arabia, UAE cooperate to thwart smuggling of about 8 mln amphetamine pills    India suspends visas for Canadians as row escalates    Poland stops supplying weapons to Ukraine as grain row escalates    Azerbaijan halts Karabakh offensive after ceasefire deal with Armenian separatists    Adel Al-Jubeir meets with the climate envoy of the Netherlands    Women still do more housework in UK, survey suggests    Najran becomes an incubator for Saudi agricultural experiments    Saudi and South Korean customs agree to enhance supply chain security    Taylor Swift: Australia to host academic conference on pop icon    Saudi Ministry of Health launches anti-bullying campaign in schools    Saudi National Orchestra wows New York with vibrant musical show    SFDA: All ingredients of energy drinks and fizzy drinks are safe    This actor is so huge his fans lined up at 4.30 a.m. to watch his new movie    How South Africa's oldest mushaf was saved by Cape Town Muslims    MWL chief delivers Friday discourse and leads worshipers at New Delhi's Jama Masjid Al-Issa first religious figure from outside India to ascend the Great Mosque's pulpit in nearly 400 years    Homosexuality is a heinous crime, says Makkah imam in Friday sermon    Exotic Taif Roses Simulation Performed at Taif Rose Festival    Asian shares mixed Tuesday    Weather Forecast for Tuesday    Saudi Tourism Authority Participates in Arabian Travel Market Exhibition in Dubai    Minister of Industry Announces 50 Investment Opportunities Worth over SAR 96 Billion in Machinery, Equipment Sector    HRH Crown Prince Offers Condolences to Crown Prince of Kuwait on Death of Sheikh Fawaz Salman Abdullah Al-Ali Al-Malek Al-Sabah    HRH Crown Prince Congratulates Santiago Peña on Winning Presidential Election in Paraguay    SDAIA Launches 1st Phase of 'Elevate Program' to Train 1,000 Women on Data, AI    41 Saudi Citizens and 171 Others from Brotherly and Friendly Countries Arrive in Saudi Arabia from Sudan    Saudi Arabia Hosts 1st Meeting of Arab Authorities Controlling Medicines    General Authority for Survey and Geospatial Information Participates in UN World Data Forum in China    General Directorate of Narcotics Control Foils Attempt to Smuggle over 5 Million Amphetamine Pills    NAVI Javelins Crowned as Champions of Women's Counter-Strike: Global Offensive (CS:GO) Competitions    Saudi Karate Team Wins Four Medals in World Youth League Championship    Third Edition of FIFA Forward Program Kicks off in Riyadh    Evacuated from Sudan, 187 Nationals from Several Countries Arrive in Jeddah    SPA Documents Thajjud Prayer at Prophet's Mosque in Madinah    SFDA Recommends to Test Blood Sugar at Home Two or Three Hours after Meals    SFDA Offers Various Recommendations for Safe Food Frying    SFDA Provides Five Tips for Using Home Blood Pressure Monitor    SFDA: Instant Soup Contains Large Amounts of Salt    Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques Delivers Speech to Pilgrims, Citizens, Residents and Muslims around the World    Sheikh Al-Issa in Arafah's Sermon: Allaah Blessed You by Making It Easy for You to Carry out This Obligation. Thus, Ensure Following the Guidance of Your Prophet    Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques addresses citizens and all Muslims on the occasion of the Holy month of Ramadan    

Thank you for reporting!
This image will be automatically disabled when it gets reported by several people.

Europe Day: What is it and what does it represent?
Published in The Saudi Gazette on 09 - 05 - 2022

Every May 9, Europeans celebrate Europe Day, a commemorative occasion that honors the starting point of the continent's political and economic integration, and the peace achieved as a result of the decades-long collective effort.
The celebration traces back to 1950, when Robert Schuman, then-French minister of foreign affairs, delivered his landmark declaration proposing that France and Germany — two nations with a long and bloody history — join their coal and steel production.
With this in mind, Schuman intended to accelerate the modernization of both countries after the economic devastation and human carnage of World War II and to avoid a potential race of unfair competition.
By turning such critical industries so inextricably intertwined, the French minister had a higher goal: to make a new war materially unworkable.
"The solidarity in production thus established will make it plain that any war between France and Germany becomes not merely unthinkable, but materially impossible," Schuman said, while reading his declaration in the Salon de l'Horloge at the Quai d'Orsay in Paris on May 9, 1950.
Notably, Schuman left the door opened for other countries to come on board and achieve a genuinely united Europe — an ambition pursued during the inter-war period that collapsed under the weight of national interests.
Schuman's pitch proved successful. West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer said yes almost instantaneously.
A year later, on April 18, 1951, representatives from France, Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg signed the Treaty of Paris and established the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), a pioneering organization based on the principle of supranationalism.
Under the ECSC, nation-states began to pool their jealously guarded sovereign competences and transfer them to a series of European institutions: an independent High Authority, a Common Assembly of national parliamentarians, a Special Council of national ministers and a Court of Justice.
Schuman's close aide, Jean Monnet, who is now considered the mastermind behind the landmark declaration, was named the first president of the High Authority.
The economic benefits of the ECSC, like the custom-free market for coal and steel, convinced member states to go further and bring more sectors and policy areas under the supranational mandate.
The ECSC progressively evolved, first into the European Economic Community and, later, the European Union.
The original four institutions eventually turned into the European Commission, the European Parliament, the EU Council and the European Court of Justice that we know today.
The steady evolution of the political project, the likes of which humankind had never seen, cemented the status of the Schuman Declaration as the true genesis of European integration.
"Europe will not be made all at once, or according to a single plan. It will be built through concrete achievements which first create a de facto solidarity," the French statesman said in his speech.
Meeting in Milan in 1985, heads of state and government decided to officially name May 9, Europe Day to celebrate peace and unity in the continent.
The occasion became one of the main symbols of the European Union, together with the twelve-starred flag, the slogan In varietate concordia — "united in diversity" — and the anthem, which is based on Beethoven's "Ode to Joy".
The 2004 treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe was meant to turn the symbols into official emblems but the provision was dropped after the ratification process failed.
Interestingly, only two countries, Luxembourg — where Schuman was born in 1886 — and Kosovo — a non-EU state with long-held EU aspirations — have established Europe Day as a national holiday.
In Romania, it coincides with independence day, while Croatia and Lithuania have legally recognized the day but without making it a public holiday.
The other member states celebrate Europe Day in a commemorative manner, by hoisting flags and organizing a variety of events.
In Brussels, the EU institutions hold an open doors day, which was canceled two years in a row because of the coronavirus pandemic. Employees of the EU institutions are given a day off work.
This year, Europe Day will see the closing ceremony of the Conference on the Future of Europe, a yearlong exercise that has brought together citizens and policymakers to reform the bloc's political structure.
Europe Day is not the only holiday celebrated on May 9, and amidst the war in Ukraine, all of the holidays that fall on this date are set to take on a new significance.
"The Kremlin's invasion reminds us why we are celebrating Europe day. The day when our peaceful, prosperous and united Europe was born," said Ursula von der Leyen, president of the European Commission, in a statement ahead of the occasion. "Seventy-two years later, Europe is stronger and more united than ever."
Besides European integration, May 9 is celebrated in other parts of Europe for another reason: the Soviet Union's victory over Nazi Germany in 1945.
Victory Day is today observed as national holiday in countries like Russia, Belarus, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, as well as Israel. In Moldova, the pro-EU faction tends to celebrate Europe Day instead.
In the rest of Europe, Victory in Europe Day is celebrated one day before, on May 8.
The reason why the two parts of the continent celebrate the same holiday on two different dates, however, lies in the fact that Nazi Germany signed its second and last formal surrender late on May 8, 1945, when it was already May 9 in Moscow.
And on top of that, the EU's Europe Day is not the only Europe Day.
The Council of Europe, an international organization with limited power whose mandate focuses on upholding human rights and democracy, celebrates its own Europe Day four days earlier on May 5 to mark the council's foundation.
The entity encompasses all European nations with the exception of Belarus, Russia, Vatican City and Kosovo. — Euronews

Clic here to read the story from its source.