Participation of King Abdulaziz Royal Reserve at ADIHEX 2022 in Abu Dhabi Concluded    9th Session of Saudi-South African Joint Committee Kicks off in Pretoria    SFDA Wins "Prism Award" for Best Entity Applying Practices to Enhance HR Leadership Skills    12th International Valuation Conference Kicks off with Wide International Participation    KSrelief Distributes 455 Food Baskets in Khartoum State, Sudan    General Commission for Audiovisual Media, Snapchat Launch Family Center    Chairman of Board of Directors of Saudi Esports Federation Highlights the National Gaming and Esports Strategy    Saudi Arabia retains its seat in ITU Council by international consensus    RCU launches Safar art exhibition at AlUla airport    Umrah companies obligated to issue permits for its pilgrims    AlJadaan: Leaders of Gulf Countries are Keen for Gulf Cooperation Council to Reach Highest Levels of Economic Integration    Iran's supreme leader blames unrest on US and Israel    1.5m clients benefit from digital conveyance of title deeds service    Saudi Minister of Commerce Heads Delegation to Morocco, Discusses Enhancing Commercial, Investment Relations    Qatar Stock Exchange Ends Trading Higher    Saudi Stock Exchange Main Index Ends Trading Higher at 11,607.96 Points    King, Crown Prince congratulate German president on Unity Day    Saudi Arabia to host World Petroleum Congress in 2026    Jazan International Forum moots Saudi Coffee Day, Annual Coffee Award    Brazil election: Lula and Bolsonaro to face run-off    UK chancellor U-turns on plans to scrap tax rate    Record avian flu outbreak sees 48 million birds culled in UK and EU    Sultan Humanitarian City wins platinum award at 2022 Patient Safety Congress in Dubai    Fans 'died in the arms' of players in Indonesia stadium crush    Fans of Sydney United 58 condemned for Nazi salutes during Australia Cup final    Tadawul All Share Index Decreases by 0.79%, Equity Market Capitalization Reaches SAR 10,832.85 Billion at End of 1st Nine Months 2022    Asian Shares Mostly Lower    Al-Manea: Selling gold in installments is not permissible    174 dead in Indonesian football stadium crush    15 cups of Saudi coffee in a day are enough!    Riyadh hosts first Saudi Games on Oct. 27    19 women, 2 men qualify as Kingdom's first yogasana referees    Movies return to Kashmir with Hrithik Roshan-starrer    Body of famed US climber found on Mt Manaslu in Himalayas    Yoga introduced to Saudi universities    Islamic Minister Al-Sheikh: Juristic judgment catalyst to salvage Islamic Ummah    Culinary Arts Commission Registers 13 Foods on Slow Food List of Endangered Food    72% of Children Globally have been Victims of Cyber Threats    Saudi National Football Team Continues Preparations for Friendly Match against Ecuador    Saudi Futsal Team Beats San Marino, Wins Silver in Croatian International Championship    During 2nd Global AI Summit.. AI-powered Early Breast Cancer Detection Program Launched    Triple talaq: India Muslim women in limbo after instant divorce ruling    Film Commission Reviews Film Industry Prospects in Saudi Arabia at Venice International Film Festival    Saudi national volleyball team loses to Kyrgyzstan in Asian Challenge Cup final    Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques Delivers Speech to Pilgrims, Citizens, Residents and Muslims around the World    Sheikh Al-Issa in Arafah's Sermon: Allaah Blessed You by Making It Easy for You to Carry out This Obligation. Thus, Ensure Following the Guidance of Your Prophet    Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques addresses citizens and all Muslims on the occasion of the Holy month of Ramadan    Pilgrims Perform Dhuhr and Asr Prayers at Arafat Holy Site    







Thank you for reporting!
This image will be automatically disabled when it gets reported by several people.



Mega-drought, glacier melt, deforestation plague Latin America and the Caribbean
Published in The Saudi Gazette on 22 - 07 - 2022

From the Amazon to the Andes and the snowy depths of Patagonia, extreme weather and climate change are causing mega-drought, extreme rainfall, deforestation and glacier melt across the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region, according to a UN report published on Friday.
In its State of the Climate in Latin America and the Caribbean 2021, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) highlights the far-reaching repercussions for ecosystems, food and water security, human health and poverty.
"The report shows that hydrometeorological hazards, including droughts, heatwaves, cold waves, tropical cyclones and floods, have unfortunately led to the loss of hundreds of lives, severe damages to crop production and infrastructure and human displacement," said WMO Secretary-General Petteri Taalas.
Climate change is threatening vital systems in the region, which are already approaching critical conditions, potentially causing irreversible damage.
The report revealed that since the 1980s, glaciers in the tropical Andes have lost 30 per cent or more of their area – with a negative mass balance trend during the 1990-2020 monitoring period.
In Peru, some have lost more than 50 per cent of their area.
Glacier retreat and corresponding ice-mass loss increases the risk of water scarcity for people in the Andes, and its ecosystems.
"For many Andean cities, melting glaciers represent the loss of a significant source of freshwater currently used for domestic use, irrigation, and hydroelectric power," said the WMO chief.
According to the report, deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon rainforest doubled from the 2009‐2018 average and reached its highest level since 2009.
Some 22 per cent more forest area was lost last year, compared to the previous one – a blow for both the environment and climate change mitigation.
"In South America, the continued degradation of the Amazon rainforest is still being highlighted as a major concern for the region but also for global climate, considering the role of the forest in the carbon cycle," said the top WMO official.
Meanwhile, record-breaking rainfall last year triggered floods and landslides that caused hundreds of fatalities, left tens of thousands of homes destroyed or damaged, and hundreds of thousands of people displaced.
Floods and landslides in the Brazilian states of Bahia and Minas Gerais alone led to an estimated loss of $ 3.1 billion.
Regional sea levels rose at a faster rate than elsewhere in the world, notably along the Atlantic coast of South America south of the equator, and the subtropical North Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico.
The rising sea contaminates freshwater aquifers, erodes shorelines, inundates low-lying areas, and increases the risks of storm surges, threatening coastal populations.
"Increasing sea-level rise and ocean warming are expected to continue to affect coastal livelihoods, tourism, health, food, energy, and water security, particularly in small islands and Central American countries," Taalas warned.
In South America overall, drought conditions led to a 2.6 per cent decline during the 2020-2021 cereal harvest compared with the previous season, the report said.
And the so-called Central Chile Mega Drought, which has continued for 13 years, is the longest drought in the region in a thousand years.
Additionally, a multi-year drought in the Parana-La Plata Basin, the worst since 1944, is affecting central-southern Brazil and parts of Paraguay and Bolivia.
The agricultural damage it has caused, such as by reducing soybean and corn production, has affect global crop markets.
"Worsening climate change...have not only impacted the biodiversity of the region, but have also stalled decades of progress against poverty, food insecurity and the reduction of inequality in the region," said Mario Cimoli of Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC).
The report, which outlines how extreme weather will continue to adversely affect human health and natural ecosystems, can inform climate policy and decision-making.
"No matter how it is taken, action must be informed by science," he underscored. — UN News


Clic here to read the story from its source.