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One percent of humanity displaced: UNHCR Global Trends report
Published in The Saudi Gazette on 18 - 06 - 2020

The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, UNHCR, has Wednesday appealed to countries worldwide to do far more to find homes for millions of refugees and others displaced by conflict, persecution or events seriously disturbing public order.
A UNHCR's annual Global Trends report showed that forced displacement is now affecting more than one percent of humanity — 1 in every 97 people — and with fewer and fewer of those who flee being able to return home.
The report, which comes two days ahead of World Refugee Day on June 20, shows that an unprecedented 79.5 million were displaced as of the end of 2019. The UNHCR has not seen a higher total, it stated.
The report also notes diminishing prospects for refugees when it comes to hopes of any quick end to their plight. In the 1990s, on average 1.5 million refugees were able to return home each year. Over the past decade, that number has fallen to around 385,000, meaning that growth in displacement is today far outstripping solutions.
"We are witnessing a changed reality in that forced displacement nowadays is not only vastly more widespread but is simply no longer a short-term and temporary phenomenon," said UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Filippo Grandi.
"People cannot be expected to live in a state of upheaval for years on end, without a chance of going home, nor hope of building a future where they are. We need a fundamentally new and more accepting attitude towards all who flee, coupled with a much more determined drive to unlock conflicts that go on for years and that are at the root of such immense suffering."
The report shows that of the 79.5 million who were displaced at the end of last year, 45.7 million were people who had fled to other areas of their own countries.
The rest were people displaced elsewhere, 4.2 million of them being people awaiting the outcome of asylum requests, while 29.6 million were refugees and others forcibly displaced outside their country.
The annual increase, from a figure of 70.8 million at the end of 2018, is a result of two main factors. First is a worrying new displacement in 2019, particularly in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Sahel, Yemen and Syria — the latter now in its tenth year of conflict and accounting on its own for 13.2 million refugees, asylum seekers, and internally displaced people, fully a sixth of the world's total.
Second is a better presentation of the situation of Venezuelans outside their country, many of whom are not legally registered as refugees or asylum-seekers, but for whom protection-sensitive arrangements are required.
And within all of these numbers is a multitude of individual and very personal crises. As many children (estimated at 30 to 34 million, tens of thousands of them unaccompanied) are among the displaced than, for example, the entire populations of Australia, Denmark and Mongolia combined.
Meanwhile, the proportion of displaced aged 60 and above (four percent) is far below that of the world population (12 percent) — a statistic that speaks to immeasurable heartbreak, desperation, sacrifice and being torn apart from loved ones.
The UN report has pointed out eight things to know about forced displacement today:
Some 100 million people at least were forced to flee their homes in the past decade, seeking refuge either in or outside their countries. That is more people fleeing than the entire population of Egypt, the world's 14th most populous country.
Forced displacement has almost doubled since 2010 (41 million then versus 79.5 million now).
Eighty percent of the world's displaced people are in countries or territories affected by acute food insecurity and malnutrition — many of the countries facing climate and other disaster risks.
More than three-quarters of the world's refugees (77 percent) are caught up in situations of long-term displacement. For example, the situation in Afghanistan, now in its fifth decade.
More than eight of every 10 refugees (85 percent) are in developing countries, generally a country neighboring the one they fled.
Five countries account for two-thirds of people displaced across borders: Syria, Venezuela, Afghanistan, South Sudan and Myanmar.
Global Trends Report counts all major displaced and refugee populations, including the 5.6 million Palestine refugees who fall under the care of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine.
The 2030 Sustainable Development commitment of "leaving no one behind" now explicitly includes refugees, thanks to a new indicator on refugees approved by the UN Statistical Commission in March this year. — WAM


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